The mission of the International Journal of Doctoral Studies (IJDS) is to provide readers worldwide with high quality peer-reviewed scholarly articles spanning the wide variety of issues in doctoral studies. The editorial objective of IJDS is to inform all those involved with doctoral education regardless of specific discipline. IJDS articles discuss issues such as (but not limited to) the following: doctoral supervision, doctoral dissertation and/or research, the nature and future of doctoral programs, doctoral program design, experiences in doctoral programs, attrition and persistence in doctoral programs, doctoral qualifiers and examinations, doctoral program accreditation, copyright and intellectual properties in doctoral research, climate and support for doctoral study, career path and employment of doctoral graduates, as well as research and publication issues in academia. IJDS especially encourages publications authored by faculty members and/or academic administrators who actively supervise doctoral students, teach doctoral courses, and/or oversee doctoral programs. Joint publications between faculty members and their doctoral students are also encouraged. While IJDS is principally an interdisciplinary forum that publishes high quality articles on theory, practice, innovation, and research covering any aspect of doctoral studies, book reviews are also welcome. Authors may use bodies of knowledge from diverse fields of research. However, IJDS is not a general outlet for doctoral students who wish to publish their doctoral research, unless their doctoral research is related to investigation of the issues indicated above. IJDS provides those who submit manuscripts for publication with useful, timely feedback by making the review process constructive. IJDS is the most authoritative interdisciplinary journal on doctoral studies.